20 Nov On Yoga and Tantra
Cessation of the turbulent mind was previously taught (in the Yoga Sutra) to result from aversion (to the world, prakrti). This is what we teach (in the Krama lineage) – how to cause cessation (of the anxious mind) effortlessly, without disengaging from the world.
– Viranatha, disciple of the Woman Master Keyuravati, from The Flowering of One’s Own Awakening, 10th century A.D., Kashmir (Edited, translated and introduced by Christopher Tompkins)
When deepening our meditation practice it can be helpful to distinguish between the texts and practices of Yoga and Tantra.
In the Yoga traditions, like “the tortoise that draws in its limbs,” we withdraw our attention and energy from the senses and sensory objects to enter meditation and rest in a core of Self.
In the Tantric traditions, we use everything – including emotions and sensory experience – to access our natural, more free and expanded state of awareness.
The delight we feel in the beauty of nature, in music and art, or in any moment of our day, all become portals to the highest states of bliss. Even the energy in terror or peak voltage rage can be direct pathways to the highest states of awareness.
The concept of “esthetic arrest” that James Joyce articulated (via Stephen Daedalus in Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man) and that Joseph Campbell later explored in Reflections on Living is essentially tantric. From Campbell:
The biological urges to enjoy and to master (with their opposites, to loathe and to fear), as well as the social urge to evaluate (as good or evil, true or false), simply drop away, and a rapture in sheer experiencing supervenes….
The mind is released – for a moment, for a day, or perhaps forever – from those anxieties to enjoy, to win, or to correct which springs from the net of nerves in which men are entangled. Ego dissolved, there is nothing in the net but life – which is everywhere and forever. The Zen masters of China and Japan have called this state the state of “no mind.” The classical Indian terms are moksa, “release,” …
… Joyce speaks of “the luminous silent stasis of esthetic pleasure,” when the clear radiance of the esthetic image is apprehended by the mind, which has been arrested…
– Joseph Campbell, Reflections on Living
The word “arrest” is a potent descriptor of what’s occurring in the mind/body and awareness. When we’re transported by art or music, our discursive thinking – and sometimes the breath, the heart – literally stop for a moment as we immerse in the bliss of the experience.
In that moment of absorption, of esthetic arrest, in the pause point between breaths, we are transported beyond “ordinary mind” into a state of fullness. We taste more expanded states of awareness – perhaps even the “luminous silent stasis” at the “madhya,” the center, the innermost core of our being. (When the breath and the discursive mind stop, the yogi’s meditation energy rises in the central channel.)
Tantra offers us open-eyed meditations that invite us to move in effortless, spontaneous ways, from contracted states to expanded ones. The following verse describes the ‘esthetic arrest’ that Joyce and Campbell explored:
When the mind of a Yogi is one with the unparalleled joy of music and other (aesthetic delights), then he is identified with it due to expansion of his mind which has merged in it.
– Vijnana Bhairava, Verse 73, Swami Laksmanjoo’s Translation
Tantra invites us to become more aware of awareness and to immerse in aesthetic and other delights.
One sweet, accessible “dharana,” or centering technique invites us to simply “rest your mind where it finds contentment.”
Throughout your day, notice when contentment or joy arises and sustain the feeling as long as possible. Even if doing so does not give you immediate access to the highest state of bliss, know that it’s beneficial to spend less time in “contracted states.” A mind that is content is much more likely to glide into meditation easefully.
Enjoy noticing and lingering where your mind finds contentment. As you do so, know that the contentment you feel is a reflection of your innermost core of bliss.
Here is the actual verse and a few of the places my mind finds contentment – Central Park in New York City, the four seasons and nature.
(Original post dated January 2016.)